Prisoners of Correct History

Naeem Mohaiemen

Salt Beyoğlu

January 23 – April 28, 2019

Mohaiemen Rankinstreet 1953blueprints 2013 Naeem Mohaiemen, <i>Rankin Street 1953, Blueprints</i> [Rankin Sokağı 1953, Sokak Planları], 2013
Sanatçı ve Experimenter’in (Kalküta) izniyle
Naeem Mohaiemen, Rankin Street 1953, Blueprints, 2013
Courtesy the artist and Experimenter, Kolkata
Floor 2-3 and Walk-in Cinema

Artist and historian Naeem Mohaiemen’s films, installations, and essays analyze the formation and collapse of the Third World internationalism through Bangladesh’s complicated postcolonial journey, focusing on three ruptures—the 1905 partition of Bengal within British India, the 1947 partition of British India into India and Pakistan, and the 1971 war that split East and West Pakistan into today’s Bangladesh and Pakistan. At the margins of these turbulent events were interlinked leftist uprisings in other parts of the world during the 1970s. Using newsreel footage and found photographs as well as contemporary restagings, Mohaiemen examines why the idea of a socialist “utopia” in postcolonial nations has faded, replaced by hypercapital desires and pious politics. Drawn from family narratives, popular culture, and national mythology, the works reveal anonymous and recognizable protagonists moving from the early 1950s to the 1970s, always reflecting the role of unreliable memory in both official and informal histories.

Prisoners of Correct History at SALT Beyoğlu is influenced by Mohaiemen’s ideas about the possibility of the cultural institution as pages of a transnational history book. Centering the work of human memory, the artist problematizes the Bengali term shothik itihash, translated as “correct history.” He assembles a narrative by piecing together a number of shared myths—a missing can of film, a wrong man, and a censored document—to tell stories of loss and failure, with a glimmer of hope, and also caution about future politics. The audience is left to question whether the protagonists are the commanders or prisoners of state-controlled historiography.

The exhibition spreads across two floors as well as to the Walk-in Cinema, where Tripoli Cancelled (2017), a fable about a man who lives in a non-place, will be screened at programmed times. Starting on the third floor, the film United Red Army (2011) and accompanying United Red Army: Timeline (1968-1977) (2012) examine a moment when the “willing stage” of the Third World hit back, refracted through the Japanese Red Army’s hazy attachment to the Palestinian cause. You Will Roam Like a Madwoman (2014) looks at a popular Bangladeshi magazine of the 1970s, mixing new patriotism, consumer feminism, and revolutionary 70s zeitgeist. Intersecting with SALT Beyoğlu’s location on Istiklal Street, historically and politically charged as a site for demonstrations, My Mobile Weighs A Ton (2008) and Live True Life or Die Trying (2009) address the function of photography, new technologies, and coded language within student protests taking place in Bangladesh.

The artist’s questioning of the archive continues on the second floor with Abu Ammar is Coming (2016), which explores a darker explanation for an iconic photograph of “foreign fighters in the PLO,” and The Year 1973 Created Many Problems for the Imperialists (2013). The latter reflects on the misplaced optimism that imperialist forces had “finally gone too far” and would now face defeat, a theme Mohaiemen returns to in Two Meetings and a Funeral (2017). In Rankin Street 1953, Blueprints (2013), the artist reconstructs a family home fallen to the forces of aggressive capital that have erased an old city and extended family form. The installation, Kazi in Nomansland (2008), excavates the poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, who is the only person to appear on the stamps of all three of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children—India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh—revealing a shared, and disputed, national history after the partition of British India.

Programmed by Farah Aksoy from SALT, Prisoners of Correct History expands on the concepts presented at a 2014 survey exhibition, curated by Adam Szymczyk at Kunsthalle Basel.

About the artist
Born in London in 1969, Naeem Mohaiemen works in Dhaka and New York. He was one of four finalists for the 2018 Turner Prize, along with Forensic Architecture, Luke Willis Thompson, and the winner Charlotte Prodger. His solo exhibitions include Solidarity Must Be Defended (Mahmoud Darwish Museum, Ramallah, 2017); There Is No Last Man (MoMA PS1, New York, 2017); Prisoners of Shothik Itihash (Kunsthalle Basel, 2014); The Young Man Was (Experimenter, Kolkata, 2011); Live True Life or Die Trying (Cue Art Foundation, New York, 2009); and My Mobile Weighs A Ton (Gallery Chitrak, Dhaka, 2008). Mohaiemen’s works have shown at documenta 14 (Athens/Kassel), Venice Biennale, Lahore Biennale, EVA International, Sharjah Biennial, MOMENTUM: The Nordic Biennial of Contemporary Art, and Marrakech Biennial. He is a member of the ICA Independent Film Council and a 2014 Guggenheim Fellow (Film-Video).
Prisoners of Correct History