Online Screening:
How Buildings Learn, Part 1: Flow


October 4 – November 13, 2022

Piazza Del Campo Siena Piazza del Campo, Siena, İtalya
Piazza del Campo, Siena, Italy
How Buildings Learn (1997)
Episode 1: Flow
Writer/Presenter: Stewart Brand
Director: James Runcie
Production Company: BBC TV
29 minutes
English; Turkish subtitles

Salt presents an online screening of How Buildings Learn (1997), a six-part documentary that offers insight into how buildings change over time to meet the varying needs of their inhabitants.

Introducing the main concepts discussed in the documentary, the first episode critically examines modern architecture through a selection of works by notable figures such as Frank Gehry and Le Corbusier. Probing into issues around grand and innovative buildings designed by architects, and their actual practical use, Brand looks at how people change buildings from the moment they move in—whether through taste, technological advances, or unforeseen changes.

Written by Stewart Brand in 1994 and adapted into a television series by BBC in 1997, How Buildings Learn offers a critique of modernist approaches to architecture and argues for “an organic kind of building, which is easy to change and grow as the ideal form of building.” Refusing the “center out” understanding of design, Brand adopts an evolutionary approach where users can change the functions of a building to meet their varying needs.

Each episode will be uploaded weekly, and can be accessed online until November 13 via

In accordance with Article 7 of Law No. 5224 amended on 18.01.2019,
films that have not been assessed and classified by the General Directorate of Cinema, Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Republic of Turkey, can only be screened under the classification of 18+ at festivals, special screenings or similar culture and arts events.